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XINETD - Extended Internet Daemon

I was recently looking into ways to provide ssh access inside linux network namespaces and came across xinetd. So I decided to dig more into it. Noting it down here so that I can refer it back.


It’s basically a daemon that listens for network requests and services them by spawning more processes.

The master configuration for xinetd lives in /etc/xinetd.conf. Each service managed by xinetd has a configuration file in /etc/xinetd.d/.

Each network service is listed in /etc/services that xinetd could potentially manage.

Let’s look at an example from one of the services in /etc/xinetd.d/ to see how it works:

An echo service

This was a default service that was present on my RHEL6 box. There were lots of settings in this file which were basically commented. Most of them were self explanatory, so I have omitted them for brevity.

$ sudo cat /etc/xinetd.d/echo-stream
# This is the configuration for the tcp/stream echo service.

service echo
# This is for quick on or off of the service
	disable		= yes

# The next attributes are mandatory for all services
	id		= echo-stream
	type		= INTERNAL
	wait		= no
	socket_type	= stream
#	protocol	=  socket type is usually enough


echo service simply provides an echo service (duh). But what port does it listen to? The port can be checked in /etc/services file, search for echo in file, and on my machine it had an entry that looked like this:

$ sudo cat /etc/services | grep echo
echo            7/tcp

The connection will fail, if you try to connect to this port, since the disabled is set to yes in the above configuration file.

$ telnet 7
telnet: connect to address Connection refused
telnet: Unable to connect to remote host

Let’s enable the service by setting disable = no in /etc/xinetd.d/echo-stream. In addition, you’d need to restart the xinetd service.

$ sudo service xinetd restart
Stopping xinetd:                                           [  OK  ]
Starting xinetd:                                           [  OK  ]

Now again, let’s try to connect to service.

$ telnet 7
Connected to angoyal-ld2.linkedin.biz.
Escape character is '^]'.
hola  <---- I said hola to Server.
hola  ----> Server said hola back.
telnet> q
Connection closed.


You can use xinetd to run your own network service and have full control. I have some ideas which I’ll document if they work.

So long.